Natural gas usage around the world is still on the rise for a number of reasons but a main one being it is better for the environment than other fossil fuels. Countries such as China are increasingly using it to power long distance trucking and countries like Ireland are considering using it to improve their energy security. However, as the main component of natural gas is methane, a major greenhouse gas, the accidental but inevitable emissions of this gas during the production, processing and distribution of natural gas constitute a significant threat to the environment. That is why energy companies BP, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Statoil, Total and Wintershall are committing to reducing emission in every part of their operations.
Egypt's demand for gas has long outstripped its supply capacity. At an estimated $8bn this fiscal year, the cost of importing oil and gas is a drain on Egypt's economy. With most of the current oil and gas wells reaching maturity, this situation will only get worse. However, new gas reserve discoveries, changes in government policy and foreign investment look to boost Egypt's gas production to not only negate the deficit but to allow them to export LNG. Presenters at the Offshore Technology Conference in Houston stated that they believed Egypt could significantly reduce its LNG imports as soon as 2018 and they anticipate that they could increase their gas production by more than 90bn m3 by 2022.
A recent Cross Sector Efficiency Study by the Oil & Gas Industry Council and PwC stated “Only fundamental change to the way businesses work and interact will generate the level of sustainable change necessary to compete for international investment in the North Sea and maximise recovery.” In an attempt to affect this type of change, the UK Oil and Gas Authority (OGA) has launched a competition to find new and innovative ways to use extensive seismic data collected on the Rockall Basin and Mid North Sea High. Scientists and engineers will have the chance to compete for a slice of the £500,000 worth of funding available to develop new technology to exploit these findings.
Gazprom, the energy group controlled by the Russian state, has been embroiled in disputes over both contracts and supplies this summer.
After a torrid 2014, the UK’s North Sea oil industry is determined to ensure that it remains a viable, global player in the years ahead.
In an industry where sterilisation is crucial and flow meters need to be contactless and sanitary, clamp-on ultrasonic flow meters are ideal for the pharmaceutical industry.
Clamp-on ultrasonic flow meters were invented as a portable tool to allow marine engineers to measure the flow rates of various liquids on ships, and for the ship building and maintenance industry to do the same for commercial and military vessels, including submarines.
Underground mines can be dangerous places, where potentially harmful gases need to be monitored and controlled to reduce risks of explosions and allow standard mining operations to take place. So how can flow measurement be used in the mining industry and how does it reduce these risks?